COBIT 2019

The Evolution of COBIT: A Look at Different Versions

Explore the evolution of COBIT and discover how its various versions have shaped IT governance, aligning technology with business objectives.

Introduction to COBIT

What is COBIT?

COBIT, standing for Control Objectives for Information and Related Technologies, is a framework for developing, implementing, monitoring, and improving IT governance and management practices. It was created by ISACA, a global association helping individuals and enterprises achieve the positive potential of technology.

The Significance of COBIT in IT Governance

COBIT has become a significant framework in the realm of IT governance, providing a comprehensive toolset for organizations aiming to align their IT processes with their strategic goals. It ensures that IT assets are used responsibly, risks are managed appropriately, and IT processes are aligned with the overall business objectives.

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The Genesis and Evolution of COBIT

COBIT 1.0: The Beginning

The journey of COBIT started in 1996 when the first version was released. COBIT 1.0 was primarily a set of control objectives aimed at helping organizations streamline their IT processes.

COBIT 2.0: Expanding the Framework

Released in 1998, COBIT 2.0 expanded upon the initial framework, introducing more processes and control objectives to cover a broader scope of IT governance.

COBIT 3.0: Integrating Management Guidelines

In 2000, COBIT 3.0 was introduced, integrating management guidelines and providing a more robust framework for organizations to assess their IT processes.

COBIT 4.0 and 4.1: Strengthening IT Governance

COBIT 4.0, released in 2005, and its minor update 4.1 in 2007, further strengthened the framework by introducing a maturity model and aligning IT processes with business goals.

COBIT 5: A Holistic Approach to IT Governance

2012 saw the release of COBIT 5, which took a more holistic approach to IT governance, integrating other frameworks and standards, and focusing on stakeholder value.

COBIT 2019: The Current State

The latest version, COBIT 2019, builds on COBIT 5, adding more flexibility and addressing new trends and technologies affecting IT governance.

Comparing Different Versions of COBIT

What Has Changed?

Over the years, COBIT has evolved from a control objectives framework to a comprehensive IT governance tool, adapting to the changing technological landscape.

Why the Need for Evolution?

The constant evolution of COBIT reflects the dynamic nature of the IT industry, ensuring that organizations have a current and relevant tool to align IT and business strategies.

The Impact of COBIT’s Evolution on Organizations

Enhancing IT Governance

The evolution of COBIT has significantly enhanced IT governance in organizations, ensuring that IT processes effectively support business objectives.

Improving Risk Management

With each version, COBIT has improved its risk management capabilities, helping organizations identify, manage, and mitigate IT-related risks.

Aligning IT with Business Goals

One of the primary benefits of COBIT’s evolution is the improved alignment of IT processes with business goals, ensuring that IT adds value to the business.

How to Implement COBIT in an Organization

Understanding Your Organization’s Needs

Before implementing COBIT, it’s crucial to understand your organization’s unique needs and objectives to tailor the framework accordingly.

Steps for Implementation

Implementing COBIT involves assessing the current state of your IT governance, planning the implementation, executing the plan, and continuously monitoring and improving the IT processes.


  1. What is the main purpose of COBIT?
    • The main purpose of COBIT is to provide a comprehensive framework for the development, implementation, monitoring, and improvement of IT governance and management practices.
  2. How has COBIT evolved over the years?
    • COBIT has evolved from a set of control objectives to a comprehensive IT governance framework, incorporating management guidelines, a maturity model, and aligning IT processes with business goals.
  3. What are the significant changes in COBIT 2019 compared to previous versions?
    • COBIT 2019 builds on the holistic approach of COBIT 5, adding more flexibility, addressing new trends and technologies, and ensuring that the framework remains current and relevant.
  4. Why is IT governance important for an organization?
    • IT governance is crucial for ensuring that IT assets are used responsibly, risks are managed effectively, and IT processes are aligned with the overall business objectives, ultimately adding value to the business.
  5. How can an organization implement COBIT?
    • Implementing COBIT involves understanding the organization’s unique needs, assessing the current state of IT governance, planning and executing the implementation, and continuously monitoring and improving IT processes.


The evolution of COBIT over the years has played a pivotal role in shaping IT governance and management. By aligning IT processes with business objectives, enhancing risk management, and ensuring responsible use of IT assets, COBIT has helped organizations worldwide achieve their strategic goals.

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Patrick Domingues

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